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Agreement That Ended The War Of 1812

The Treaty of Gant (8th stat. 218) was the peace treaty that ended the War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain. It came into force in February 1815. The two sides signed it on December 24, 1814 in Gant, Netherlands (now in Belgium). The treaty restored relations between the two sides by re-establishing the pre-war borders of June 1812. [Note 1] [1] On February 16, 1815, the day President James Madison sent the Treaty of Gant to the Senate, senators voted unanimously. The ratification of this treaty ended the War of 1812. Senators were relieved that the conflict was over, even though the treaty did not fulfill any of the original objectives of the war, which included the end of the British printing of American sailors and the annexation of Canada. The British Prime Minister wanted the Duke of Wellington to command Canada with the order to win the war. Wellington replied that he would go to America, but he believed it was necessary in Europe. [16] He also said: After months of negotiations, against a backdrop of changing military victories, defeats and losses, the parties have come to understand that their nations want peace and that there is no real reason to continue the war.

Every part of the war was surborderable, as exports were almost paralyzed, and after Napoleon`s fall in 1814, France was no longer britain`s enemy, so the Royal Navy no longer needed to stop American deliveries to France or more sailors. After Napoleon`s apparent final defeat, the British were busy rebuilding Europe. Liverpool has asked British negotiators to offer a status quo. This was what the British government had wanted since the beginning of the war and was immediately proposed by British diplomats to American negotiators, who abandoned calls for an end to British maritime practices and Canadian territory, ignored their war objectives and accepted the terms. Both sides would exchange prisoners and Britain would return or pay for captured slaves from the United States. [20] On September 11, 1814, the tide of war turned when Thomas Macdonough`s American naval infantry won a decisive victory in the Battle of Plattsburg Bay at Lake Champlain. A large British army led by Sir George Prevost was therefore forced to abandon its invasion of the northeastern United States and withdraw to Canada. The American victory over Lake Champlain led to the conclusion of the U.S.-British peace negotiations in Belgium, and on December 24, 1814, the Treaty of Ghent was signed, ending the war. Although the treaty said nothing about two of the key issues that began the war – the rights of neutral American ships and the impression of American sailors – it opened the Great Lakes region to American expansion and was hailed as a diplomatic victory in the United States. Aware of the growing opposition to the taxation of the war and the calls of the merchants of Liverpool and Bristol to resume trade with America, the British Prime Minister, Lord Liverpool, realized that Britain had little to gain and to lose because of the long war. [5] [6] Perry`s Victory and International Peace Memorial (1936) recalls the Battle of Lake Erie, which took place near the South Island of Ohio, where Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry led a fleet to victory in one of the most important maritime battles of the War of 1812.

The monument, located on an island, also celebrates the lasting peace between Britain, Canada and the United States that followed the war. After rejecting Russia`s proposals for peace negotiations, Britain reversed its trajectory in 1814.