The information is presented in the form of an “identity card” indicating all the information useful to a particular agreement: its signatories, the date of signature and its entry into force, a link to the website on which the text of the agreement and its annexes are listed, the WTO procedure that took place with regard to that agreement, etc. For the vast majority of ATRs, a list of the provisions of the RTA covered by the agreement is provided (a glossary indicating the approach chosen for each of the selected themes is available as a separate document). Tariff and commercial data obtained by the parties for the establishment of the de facto submission are also included in the identity card. Goods or services, or both, as communicated by the signatories of the agreement. Bilateral (two signatories) or plurilateral (three or more) of the agreement. The RTA is an accession (i.e. membership – yes) if the agreement provides for a new signatory to abide by an existing agreement. In this case, the existing agreement appears under “related agreements” The short titles of RTA are not the full titles of the agreements to be found in the text of the treaty. In the short titles, the United States is replaced by “the United States” and the European Union by “EU.” Therefore, the user must search the U.S. and not “United” to generate a list of agreements to which the United States is subject. In trade negotiations, the term “partial scope agreement” (PSA) has become common in recent times. In March, T-T signed an agreement of this kind with Panama, a Central American country. In April, the country began negotiations with Guatemala for a PSA.
These measures are part of an aggressive and sustained campaign to ensure that Latin America is seen as a new frontier for South-South trade opportunities. The question is: what is a partial agreement? What differentiates them from its terms and conditions, say a two-year agreement? In addition to the PSAs signed with Panama and Guatemala, Brazil has signed with St. Kitts/Nevis, Guyana with Brazil, Caricom with Cuba, Caricom with Venezuela and Belize with Guatemala. According to the Office of Trade Negotiations, Caricom Secretariat, “Caricom has also entered into a bilateral trade agreement with Venezuela. October 1992. The trade and investment agreement between Caricom and Venezuela was signed in October 1992 and came into force on 1 January 1993. Now, what is negotiated around a table does not always mean that the real world. For example, when a WTO member enters into a regional trade agreement (ATR) whereby it provides more favourable terms than trade with other WTO members, it departs from the guiding principle of non-discrimination defined in the GATT and GATS.
However, WTO members are allowed to conclude such agreements under conditions defined in three sets of rules: the original signatories are the companies that signed the agreement. Paragraphs 9 and 11 of the 1994 GATT Article XXIV Interpretation Agreement provide for a report on the operation of Article XXIV agreements every two years.